Scott Adams, the creator of Dilbert, once said “Creativity is allowing yourself to make mistakes. Art is knowing which ones to keep.” Thanks goodness the people who first found a way to soften and mold glass as an art form, decided it was worth while enough to chronicle and pass onto following generations so that even today, thousands of people are still able to discover their creative ability through this beautiful and fulfilling Visual Art form.
No one knows exactly where Glass Fusion began, but it is suspected to have originated somewhere between the 3rd and 2nd century B.C. Of course, natural glass fusion is as old as time itself in that nature has been creating “glass art” ever since the first lightning bolt hit a piece of sand. The resulting instantaneous melting of the silica into irregular hollow glass tubes has long fascinated scientists and artists alike. Depending on the composite materials in the sand, Fulgarites as they are commonly called, can be formed in a variety of colors, sizes and shapes.
Man-made glass for utilitarian as well as Glass Art is thought to have emerged from the Mesopotamian and Egyptian cultures as far back as 3500 B.C. and quickly spread to Africa and the middle-eastern societies of the time. In time it spread to Asia and the central European societies. Early glass work consisted of various processes of taking crushed silica or quartz along with various other aklalis like calcium lime and adding naturally occurring coloring agents and binding agents and then molding, modeling or sculpting the compound under various heating and cooling methods to create bowls, plates, jewelry and other household and later creative works of art.
True glass fusion, which is the heating and shaping of separate pieces of glass under temperatures ranging from 1000 to 1500 degrees, is thought to have originated by Phoenician sailors who discovered the process by chance when looking at what happened to glass shards and broken glass plates when tossed into their seaside fires after a night of cooking and keeping warm. Interestingly enough, the area in which the Phoenicians culture flourished is also the seat where modern-day Lebanon now exists and which back in the time was one of the most important glass making centers for the modern world.
As objects made from glass became more and more popular both from a utilitarian standpoint of its strength and light weight, to its ability to be formed into beautiful shapes and colors, so did the artistry of the techniques used in creating these object become more and more refined. Glass fusion became a highly specialized field of craft for many tradesmen from creating everyday objects such as bowls, plates and jugs, to much prized jewelry like glass beads, to even Egyptian shipwrights who used the technique to create glass “skins” for the vessels.
Even though glass fusion was highly popular in the early first century B.C., it soon found itself fading as an industrial technique when the art of glass blowing became more specialized and was incorporated as a faster production method instead of the glass fusion process.
Thank goodness artisans kept the art alive throughout the ensuing centuries. Although glass fusion experienced a minor comeback during the Renaissance period, it wasn’t until the mid-20th century in the US that the art of glass fusion began to see a serious re-emergence as an art form.
Today, Glass Art, and specifically glass fusion, is more popular than ever, with museums around the world displaying beautiful creations by such well-known glass artists as Richard LaLonde, Ruth Brockmann and Henner Schroder. In addition the growth of Glass Fusion art as a hobby and expressive art medium for the general public to participate in has never been higher. With modern firing equipment, specialized glass materials created specifically for fusing and the ease in which anyone can learn how to create truly spectacular art work with some simple training, Glass Fusion artistry is a flourishing industry.
To learn more about the history of Glass Art and Glass Fusion techniques, check out these books:
|Glass: A World History||Studio Glass In America: A 50-Year Journey||Fuse It: A Continuing Journey Kiln Worked Glass||Warm Glass: A Complete Guide To Kiln Forming Techniques|
Or better yet, discover the magic of Glass Art by joining one of our classes today. Come discover the “artist in you.”